In Indonesia, land travel, water travel and air travel complete each other. Where land travel is non existent, you can either fly or take a ferry. Although there are buses connecting the cities and some of the islands, traveling by bus is not safe due to the drivers’ reckless behavior and the poor state of the roads.
Getting to/from Indonesia by Bus – From Another Country
You can travel to Indonesia by bus from three countries it has land borders with: East Timor, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea. You first need to apply for visa before getting a bus ticket.
Getting around Indonesia by Bus – From One Region to Another
Interregional buses typically connect the islands, mainly between Java and Sumatra. There are two types of buses: with air conditioning and without air conditioning (economy class). Traveling overnight is considered dangerous. The roads are poor and the drivers’ habits are not very safe, either. If you do travel by bus, keep your eye on your possessions at all time and don’t flash expensive items. In the wilder parts of the country, buses are known to the ambushed by bandits.
Getting around in Indonesia by Bus – Within a Region
There are intercity buses which link the cities within an island. However, the same rule applies. The roads are bad, the drivers’ are reckless. Traveling by day on short distances is not a problem. Do remember to watch your possessions at all time.
Getting around in Indonesia by Bus – Within a City
In Jakarta there are two types of buses:
- the Transjakarta Busway, which is a modern bus system, the buses have there own lanes and there are overhead bridges which connect both sides of the road. They run from 5 a.m. to 10 p.m. There are applications available for iPhone and Blackberry, so travelers can download the map and plan their vacation.
- the regular buses, which are not as safe as the busway. They are both with AC and without AC (rates being higher for the AC buses).
Minibuses (mikrolet) and minivans (angkot) are used on smaller streets and the rates are lower than the bus rates.
Regular buses don’t stop at bus stops and the schedule is pretty much non existent. You can signal when you want to get off.